For measuring the tiling area, use a tape measure. Measure carefully, and measure twice to ensure the measurements are correct. After measuring the area, determine the amount of tile needed to complete the project. The necessary amount will vary depending on the size if the tile. Take the measurements to a local home improvement center; a representative will help determine the tile requirements. Be sure to buy an additional 10% more than necessary to account for mistakes.
A tile cutter or a tile saw is a necessity to cut the tile. A tile cutter cuts ceramic tile easily, but for stronger tiles such as porcelain tile, only a tile saw will do the job. Local home improvement center rent tile saws. Cut the tile to fit the area.
To apply the tile to the floor or wall, use a tile trowel and thin-set mortar. Thin-set mortar is a concrete-based adhesive that glues the tile down. Mix the thin-set according to the package instructions and either spread it on the floor (or wall) in small sections or spread it on the back of each tile. Then, set the tiles in place using tile spacers, which keep the tile evenly, spaced. Allow 24-hours to elapse before removing the tile spacers. This allows the thin-set to cure.
Grouting the tile is the next step. This step requires grout and a tile float. Mix the grout according to the package instructions and apply it to the spaces between the tiles. These spaces are the grout lines. When finished, clean the tile with a damp sponge. Wait 24-hours before walking on the tile.