Parquet flooring is a mosaic of geometric pieces of wood to make a design on the floor. The geometric shapes used are squares, lozenges and triangles. The wooden blocks used are usually from contrasting colors and grain such as cherry, pine, maple, walnut, oak and lime with mahogany and other hardwoods from the tropics occasionally used. In the past the pieces of wood were glued to the floor with hot bitumen, but today there are cold adhesives that are good.
The main designs used in parquet flooring are herringbone, brick work and a chevron motif but sometimes beautiful patters of sunbursts, floral themes or even abstract art can be seen. Each piece is cut in a tongue and grove way so they fit together like a puzzle and since the floor is solid it can be sanded and resurfaced over the years to maintain its original beauty.
For a do-it-yourself installation the first thing you need to do is make sure the floor on which the parquet will be glued is level and secure. It shouldn’t be another glued down floor. If it is, then put ¼ inch plywood over it, make sure it’s level, and use screws to secure it not nails. Get the pre cut wooden tiles and glue. Next you need to find the center of the room by drawing a line from the center of one wall to the center of the opposite wall. Where the lines cross is the center. It’s good if you nail 1x2s along the lines to make sure they are straight.
Starting in the center of the room put enough flooring glue for 3 or 4 tiles. Make sure they are close to the 1x2s so they are perfectly straight and lock them into place. Keep adding tiles following the line for 12 to 13 tiles. Carefully remove the 1x2s and continuing spreading glue and putting tiles. Save some space when you get to the wall as the tiles will need ¼ to ½ inches for expansion. After the glue dries, you have a new floor.